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Description of ways how to properly graft a melon on a pumpkin

Description of ways how to properly graft a melon on a pumpkin


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Despite the emergence of varieties that are relatively resistant to cold temperatures and diseases, the cultivation of melons, watermelons, and cucumbers is not constant. A sharp cold snap, high humidity and the spread of fusarium lead to a decrease in yield, and sometimes even to the death of the plant. Grafting melons and other sensitive crops onto pumpkin can help prevent these problems.

Benefits of grafting melon, watermelon and cucumber on pumpkin

Plant resistance to unfavorable climates and diseases, survival rate and development rate depend on the root system. To improve these characteristics, melon, cucumber or watermelon is grafted into a stronger crop - pumpkin or squash.

A melon (scion) grafted on a pumpkin (stock) can withstand a decrease in soil temperature to + 16 °, and a rooted plant feels oppressed and slows down in development.

The pumpkin has a large number of small roots that intensively absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil. Therefore, a melon, cucumber or watermelon grafted onto a pumpkin develops faster, which accelerates the ripening of fruits by 10-12 days. This is important when growing melons, cucumbers and watermelons in regions with a short summer for culture: Siberia, the middle zone of the Russian Federation, in the Urals.

Pumpkin roots are less sensitive to moisture. Prolonged rains practically do not lead to decay of the root collar and the development of fusarium wilting.

The varietal qualities of the fruits of the grafted melon do not change. Intensive nutrition and accelerated metabolism only increase the aroma and sweetness of the fruit. Due to the absence of growth retardation in cold weather, the fruits of the grafted melon are larger.

Cold-resistant varieties of hard-bore pumpkin have good qualities of the stock: Mozoleevskaya, White honey, Gray Volzhskaya, Almond, Golosemyannaya and Lagenaria.

Ideal conditions

To calculate the time of grafting, they are guided by the time of plant transplantation into open ground. The soil should warm up to + 16 ° С, in the middle zone of the Russian Federation this occurs in the third decade of May, and in Siberia in the first decade of June. By the time of transplanting, the grafted plant must be 30-35 days old.

Seeds are sown in late April or early May. A large difference in the size of the stems of the scion and rootstock reduces the survival rate. Therefore, melon seeds are sown 3 days earlier, so that the seedlings are ahead of the pumpkin in development. The procedure is started when the first true leaves are formed on the seedlings.

If the approximate dates of vaccination are missed, the procedure can be carried out within 15 days.

At a later date, the plant will not have time to thoroughly take root by the time of transplantation into the ground. And long-term development at home leads to stretching and weakening of plants.

Technology and ways to instill

For grafting you will need: a sharp safety blade, non-woven or polyethylene bands for tying, grafting clips. Before the procedure, the instrument is disinfected with alcohol, one side is wrapped with electrical tape.

There are three main methods of grafting besides the splitting method. Home procedures guarantee only 70% -80% survival rate.

To the center of the pumpkin

Quite a complex procedure that requires some skill and knowledge of technology. If it is the first time, it is advisable to involve an assistant.

Stages:

  • at the rootstock, the upper part is cut perpendicularly with the first leaf above the cotyledons;
  • between the cotyledons in the center of the stem, a puncture is made with an awl to a depth of 1.5 cm;
  • the scion is cut off at the soil level, peel off the skin from the bottom by 1.5 cm;
  • the stem of the scion is inserted into the puncture hole for its entire length;

The tissues of the grafted plants must be in close contact. After that, the joint is tied with a tape and fixed with a clamp.

By the convergence of plants

This is a relatively simple procedure that a beginner can do well.

Stages:

  • pumpkin and melon seeds are sown nearby;
  • under the cotyledons, a thin skin (epidermis) of plant stems is removed by 15-20 mm;
  • plant tissues are tightly pressed against each other;
  • tie and fasten with a clip.

There is a second version of the procedure. On the rootstock and scion, cuts (tongues) of the same size (1.5 cm) are made in opposite directions. The tongues are inserted into each other with a "lock" and fixed.

After 5 days, the stem of the scion below the graft is slightly crushed with your fingers. This procedure is carried out daily until the stem of the melon is dry. After 6-8 days, the pumpkin stalk above the grafting is removed. The root of the scion is cut off during transplantation into the ground.

To the side of the stem

The growth point is removed from the rootstock so that only the first true leaf and cotyledon leaves remain. On its stem, a straight incision is made from top to bottom with a length of 1.5-2 cm. The depth of the cut should reach the middle of the stem.

The graft is cut from the soil. On both sides of the stem, from the side of the cotyledonous leaves, peel off the length of the rootstock cut. Slightly bending the stem of the rootstock, open the incision and insert the scion, achieving a snug fit of the tissues, tie it with a ribbon.

Care after the procedure

After the procedure, the soil surface is mulched with wet sawdust. Then they are covered with glass jars or plastic bottles with a cut bottom.

During the week, maintain a humidity level of 90-95% and t + 25 ° C. To do this, the containers are removed on a windowsill located above the battery and shaded from bright light. The inner walls of the bottle are sprayed daily with warm water.

The plants are ventilated by opening the surface of the pot daily for 1-2 minutes. Watered every day with warm and settled water, avoiding moisture at the site of vaccination.

If the grafting was successful, on average, after 5 days, you can see the development of the melon growth point.

After that, the ventilation is increased, and after 2-3 days the caps are removed.

In the future, they maintain an average temperature of + 20 ° С- + 25 ° С during the day and about + 18 ° С at night. Water as the earthen coma dries. A few days before transplanting, the plants are fed with mineral fertilizers for seedlings and hardened by taking them out into the fresh air. After transplantation, they are looked after as a regular pumpkin.

Plants that are grafted for the first time take root hard and give a small yield. Therefore, it is unreasonable to immediately transfer all melon plantings to grafted plants. This is done gradually after gaining experience, finding the ideal rootstocks and scions.


What a crossed melon will delight you with the best taste

Rootstocks for a plant are chosen based on certain qualities: resistance to adverse conditions, adaptability, picky care. Since the melon belongs to the Pumpkin family, it is most often grafted on such pumpkin varieties as lagenaria, phycifolia, and wax. Sometimes squash or squash is used as a stock. Unlike watermelon and cucumber, melon is finicky in choosing a rootstock. Therefore, in the case of an experiment, you need to be on the safe side: it is better to plant a melon on many different rootstocks than many berry seedlings on one rootstock. As the long-term practice shows, the preference among the rootstocks is given to the hard-bore pumpkin and zucchini.


Vaccination methods

Vaccinations (lagenaria + watermelon, pumpkin + melon) 30 days

For example, if the stem of the stock is hollow, like a pumpkin, it is convenient to graft into a tube or into the leaf sinus. If the stem is made, for example, like that of cucumbers, it is advisable to plant in a cut. If the fusion of cultures is difficult, use rapprochement.

Let's list the most famous methods of plant grafting:

    Side cut grafting... It is necessary to remove the apex on the rootstock stem by cutting horizontally. Then split it by cutting it to a length of 15-20 mm. Remove the epidermis from the scion and insert it so that the stem in the absence of the epidermis touches the splitting on the first plant. You can fix it with a cotton tourniquet, thread.

  • Approach method... To apply the method, the following conditions must be met:
    • plant both plants together
    • in the places of the future connection, remove the epidermis along the stem by 15-20 mm
    • without separating from the roots to connect
    • tie.

    Inoculation method "in a tube"... It is necessary to cut off the growth point of the rootstock, leaving two or three leaves under a one and a half centimeter stump. In the resulting "void" insert the plant to be grafted (a stalk of a watermelon or pumpkin), after removing the skin from it to a length equal to 2 centimeters from the beginning of the hemp. Splicing occurs quickly in all places where plants touch.

  • Other methods. Alternative methods of grafting plants include the injection method and the method of pollinated flowers. To implement the first method (prick), you need a nail, the size of which should be equal to the length of the stem of the scion. With this nail, you need to make an injection into the stock to a depth of 8-10 mm in the leaf axil. Insert the stem of the scion there with the epidermis removed from the stem. Due to the high density of plant contact, tying is not necessary. The grafting scheme by the method of pollinated flowers is as follows: on the scion (near the top), using a blade, you need to make a 10-15 mm cut. It must be deep enough to reach the void in the stem. Using the cut-through method, insert the freshly cut rootstock flower into the stem.
  • Combining scion with stock


    What to plant a melon on?

    It turns out that melons have long been grown all over the world on special rootstocks, which in themselves, like garden plants, have no value, they are cultivated specifically for these purposes.

    The rootstocks were ordered from China, in Russia, unfortunately, they are not yet sold. These rootstocks are F1 hybrids, so it is not possible to grow them yourself. You have to periodically buy new seeds, although this does not happen often, the seeds are well stored, have good germination, and their consumption is low.

    I plant melons on seedlings on April 1. A week after planting melon seeds for seedlings, you need to plant special rootstocks for them. When the melon produces 1-2 true leaves, you can start grafting.

    For this, the stems of the rootstock and scion, as close as possible to the cotyledons, are cut at an angle of 30 degrees in a mirror image. Then the "tongues" are inserted into each other and wrapped with a strip of foil.

    Then the "tongues" are inserted into each other, and wrapped with a strip of foil.

    Both stems are planted in the same pot. After a week, the melon stalk is pressed with tweezers so that the plant gradually switches to feeding from the rootstock roots, and after another week the melon stalk is finally cut off.

    In the future, caring for such grafted seedlings consists in systematic pinching of the newly emerging leaves of the rootstock, in fact, apart from the cotyledons, we do not need any leaves from the rootstock, feeding and watering are carried out like any other seedling. I do not use any stimulants for the growth and development of seedlings.

    Thus, we completely changed the root system of our melon. What does it give us? Increasing cold resistance, increasing yields, getting rid of the plant from root rot and fusarium, which rage in our cold weather.

    Melons are grafted in the same way as watermelons, and cucumbers about grafting a watermelon can be read and see a photo of how the grafting is done HERE.

    Watch the video of how the vaccination is done can HERE "Vaccination of cucumbers"

    In the second decade of May, our seedlings are ready to move and plant in a greenhouse.

    Not all gardeners are ready to be vaccinated, so I will tell you how I grow them in both a grafted and an ungrafted culture in the next article - HERE
    In addition, the only difference is in growing seedlings, when moving to a greenhouse Plants form and are cared for in exactly the same way.

    How to grow melons, large and sweet, in a polycarbonate greenhouse in the Moscow region? - HERE

    © Nadezhda Nenakhova (2016) - author's page.


    Melon grafting on pumpkin: effective methods, technique and results

    In this article, you will learn about the different methods of grafting melon onto a pumpkin. They are often used to breed new forms of plants. It will not be difficult to vaccinate yourself, you just need to study the relevant literature and acquire skills in practice.

    The stalk is called the scion, and the plant that plays the role of the "house" is the rootstock. It is customary to take cuttings from plants that have any valuable properties (beautiful flowers, high quality fruits, etc.).

    With the help of grafting, it becomes possible to enhance some of the valuable qualities of plants. The grafted plants have increased frost resistance, rapid growth, and earlier fruiting.

    Vaccination methods

    Vaccinations (lagenaria + watermelon, pumpkin + melon) 30 days

    For example, if the rootstock has a hollow stem, like a pumpkin, it is convenient to graft into a tube or leaf sinus. If the stem is made, for example, like that of cucumbers, it is advisable to plant in a cut. If the fusion of cultures is difficult, use rapprochement.

    Let's list the most famous methods of plant grafting:

      Side cut grafting... It is necessary to remove the apex on the rootstock stem by cutting horizontally. Then split it by cutting it to a length of 15-20 mm. Remove the epidermis from the scion and insert it so that the stem in the absence of the epidermis touches the splitting on the first plant. You can fix it with a cotton tourniquet, thread.

  • Approach method... To apply the method, the following conditions must be met:
    • plant both plants together
    • in the places of the future connection, remove the epidermis along the stem by 15-20 mm
    • without separating from the roots to connect
    • tie.

    Inoculation method "in a tube"... It is necessary to cut off the growth point of the rootstock, leaving two or three leaves under a one and a half centimeter stump. In the resulting "void" insert the plant to be grafted (a stalk of a watermelon or pumpkin), after removing the skin from it to a length equal to 2 centimeters from the beginning of the hemp. Splicing occurs quickly in all places where plants touch.

  • Other methods. Alternative methods of grafting plants include the injection method and the method of pollinated flowers. To implement the first method (prick), you need a nail, the size of which should be equal to the length of the stem of the scion. With this nail, you need to make an injection into the stock to a depth of 8-10 mm in the leaf axil. Insert the stem of the scion there with the epidermis removed from the stem. Due to the high density of plant contact, tying is not necessary. The scheme of grafting by the method of pollinated flowers is as follows: on the scion (near the top), using a blade, you need to make a 10-15 mm cut. It must be deep enough to reach the void in the stem. Using the cut-through method, insert the freshly cut rootstock flower into the stem.
  • Combining scion with stock

    Vaccination technology

    The technology for grafting melons is as follows:

    Grafting a melon onto a pumpkin. Such grafting leads to an increase in the rate of maturation of any varieties. For the splicing to be successful, a temperature of 20 to 30 degrees, high air humidity is required. Lighting should be diffused (this can be achieved using a greenhouse or greenhouse, in a box with a cover slip). Convenient and wooden boxes, measuring 30x100 cm with greenhouse frames instead of a roof. To fix the vaccination site, a thickened thread, cotton tows, and not a hard wash are used.

    Here you can learn about the properties of dried melons.

    We recommend reading the article about the Kolkhoznitsa melon variety.

    Since the pumpkin family is a plant that is resistant to environmental factors, the melon is grafted in order to improve quality indicators and better adaptability to adverse environmental factors.

    Their next video You will learn how to plant a melon on a pumpkin:


    How to plant cucumbers, melons and watermelon on a pumpkin | Dacha - for future use

    Let's experiment, especially when it comes to improving the quality of the crop. Many summer residents do not know that cucumbers, watermelons and melons can be grafted onto pumpkin, thereby increasing the resistance of plants to diseases and low temperatures, shortening the ripening period and increasing the quality of the crop.

    Pumpkin is a sturdy plant with a strong root system that does not undergo root rot, which is so dangerous for cucumbers and melons. However, not every pumpkin variety is suitable for grafting.

    Choose for this purpose a cold-resistant solid ambulance (Gray Volga, Mozoleevskaya, White honey).

    Grafting on pumpkin is done in the second half of April, just the time for growing seedlings.

    Cucumber grafting on pumpkin

    Why plant cucumbers on a pumpkin? Everything is very simple, cucumbers are a delicate culture, the root system lies close to the surface, so any cold, even from watering with cold water, can harm it.

    • Fill the container with peat and sow cucumber seeds, and after 3-5 days, pumpkin seeds.
    • The seedlings will grow up, the pumpkin will have cotyledonous leaves, and by this time the cucumber will have a real leaf.
    • Now take separate pots and plant cucumber and pumpkin seedlings in pairs tightly to each other.
    • After 3 days, they will take root.

    Now take a sharp blade, not a knife, disinfect in alcohol, potassium permanganate, or hold candles over the flame. Make wedge-shaped cuts on the rootstock and the scion clearly opposite each other.

    On a pumpkin on the hypocotyl knee from top to bottom at an angle of 45 ° C, and on a cucumber seedling from bottom to top, the depth of the cuts to the middle of the trunk.

    Connect the cuts as neatly as possible so that the cambial layers coincide, and tie them with 2 cm wide plastic tapes, electrical tape or bandage.

    [su_box title = "Note" style = "glass" box_color = "# 4573D5 ″ radius =" 5 ″]

    After the cucumber is grafted onto the pumpkin, the plants are watered and covered with a glass jar. Air the plants daily by removing the jar for a few seconds. Loosen the harness after 5-6 days.

    If the scion begins to move the growth point, then the vaccination was successful! On the 8th day, cut off the root of the cucumber seedling, and the growth point for the pumpkin, so you get a plant with the lower part of the pumpkin and the upper cucumber, such a cucumber.

    Tie to a peg and after 2 weeks, if the grafting site is at a height of 5 cm from the ground, you can start planting in the ground.

    After transplanting to a permanent place, the whip can be tied up or thrown on the ground, depending on your desire. As the plants develop, you will see that although the pumpkin was inoculated, the leaves remain cucumber, like the fruit and, in fact, the taste itself.

    Melon pumpkin grafting

    This manipulation will be similar to the previous one, but with its own nuances. In general, the reason for grafting a melon is to increase the yield and size of the fruit, even when the melon is grown in a greenhouse.

    The best varieties of melon for grafting on a pumpkin are Kolkhoz Woman and Gulyabi. And as a stock, it is better to use lagenaria (bottle or dish pumpkin).

    This operation is carried out in April or early May, not later.

    Pickled melon seeds in formalin, germinate at a temperature of 20-25 ° C, in sawdust. Sowing in drawers. Seedlings appear on the 5th day. Grow the pumpkin in separate pots.

    The inoculation begins when the first true leaf is turned. Turn the rootstock plant (pumpkin) with the leaf on the back side of you so that in the future it does not create a shadow for the scion. If there is a growth point (the beginning of the second sheet), you need to remove it with a blade.

    Make a vertical cut on the pumpkin between the cotyledons on the hypocotyledonous knee 1.5 cm long, departing from the cotyledons by 2-3 mm, if you look closely, then between the cotyledons there are 2 barely noticeable stripes between which you need to make this cut without touching them ...

    Depth of cut - until the trunk is empty, do not cut completely.

    Cut the melon seedling from the root, do not pull out the plant. Peel off a thin layer of skin at the end of the stem, on the side of the cotyledonous leaves, the same length as you made the cut in the rootstock. Carefully open the cut on the pumpkin, bending the stem away from you, it is more convenient to do this with the thumb of your left hand.

    Quickly but carefully insert the melon scion, so that the cuts touch each other, and the end of the scion reaches the end of the pumpkin cut, without moving into the hollow of the trunk. The vaccination site is tied with a bandage 1.5 cm wide or with plastic tapes, leaving no free vaccination site.

    The harness is removed not early transplants into the ground, when the frost has passed completely.

    [su_box title = "Important" style = "glass" box_color = "# F63E62 ″ radius =" 5 ″]

    The newly made plant is tied to a peg with a grafting site, watered, covered with a glass jar or plastic bag. Avoid direct sunlight, in the early days it is better to shade at all. Observe the temperature regime 25-30 ° С, ventilate regularly, opening the plant for a few seconds.

    On the 6-8th day, you can check the survival rate of the vaccine, if there is a beginning of growth in the melon, then you can be happy for yourself and for the plant. Check the strapping regularly and loosen it if necessary.

    Grafting a watermelon on a pumpkin

    For such a procedure, summer residents are advised to use varieties of watermelons Ogonyok, Ultra early, Superearly Dyutina. Grafting a watermelon on a pumpkin is successful in most cases, so when growing watermelons in the open field, this operation is best done.

    First you need to sow watermelon seeds, and after 3-5 days pumpkin seeds. After 2 weeks, the seedlings will have 1-2 true leaves.

    Choose a clear warm day, prepare a sharp blade, treat it with potassium permanganate or boric alcohol. Remove the bud from the pumpkin seedling with the embryo of a second true leaf.

    In the future, when new buds are formed, they will need to be removed so that they do not interfere with the development of the scion.

    Make an incision from the stump 1.5-2 cm long from top to bottom, with a depth - to the empty space in the stem, do not cut through.

    Choose the strongest watermelon seedling and cut it so that the leg under the cotyledons is 1.5-2 cm long. Remove (scrape) under the cotyledons a thin layer of skin on both sides.

    Insert the watermelon into the stock so that the cotyledons of the scion are positioned clearly above the cotyledons of the stock, not a cross, and are at a distance of 0.5 cm from each other.

    [su_box title = "Tip" style = "glass" box_color = "# FFDB00 ″ radius =" 5 ″]

    When inserting the scion, start at the end of the stem, and then press the stem into the rootstock incision, connecting the cambial layer.

    Shade out of direct sun, but don't make the plant overnight. After 2-3 days, shading can be gradually removed. Do not forget to water, because without moisture, the pumpkin will reject the graft. Ventilate for 1-2 minutes daily by removing the bag. After 2 weeks, check the grafting of the watermelon on the pumpkin, the beginning of the growth of the scion will be visible. As it grows, the harness looses.

    Heading: Melons, Cucumbers, Seeds, seedlings


    When to harvest watermelons and how to store them

    Determining that a watermelon is ripe and ready for harvesting is very easy. Near each watermelon there is a tendril and scapula (small leaf), when they dry up, then it's time to harvest (cut) the crop.

    In general, there are a lot of signs and ways to check the maturity of a watermelon:

    • When squeezed, a slight crackling of the pulp is heard
    • A dull sound is heard when you pat with the palm of your hand
    • When pressed with a finger, the fetus seems to spring
    • The fruits have acquired a beautiful waxy sheen characteristic of this variety.

    By the way! About, how to choose a sweet and ripe watermelon, detailed in this material.

    Storage conditions and methods

    Optimal conditions for storing watermelons can be provided only in a basement or cellar, where the temperature is +1 .. + 5 degrees, the air humidity is 70-80%, and there is good ventilation.

    Of course, watermelons can be stored in a room setting for some time.

    Advice! The site already has an article about how to keep watermelons before New Year at home.

    Thus, if you follow all the rules and recommendations for planting and growing watermelons in the open field, you will definitely be able to get a decent harvest. As the saying goes: "He who is enlightened is armed." Good luck!

    Video: how to grow watermelons in the open field in the North-West (in the Leningrad region)


    Watch the video: How to Graft Watermelon


    Comments:

    1. Joanie

      Certainly. It was and with me. We can communicate on this theme.

    2. Eferhard

      Respect !!! You post quality products!

    3. Verrell

      Very valuable information



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